Name Acronym Definition
Pre-Commercial Procurement PCP

PCP is an approach for procuring R&D services which enables public procurers to:

  • share the risks and benefits of designing, prototyping and testing a limited volume of new products and services with the suppliers, without involving State aid;
  • create the optimum conditions for wide commercialization and take-up of R&D results through standardization and/or publication;
  • pool the efforts of several procurers.

Source: CORDIS website

Public Procurement of Innovation PPI

PPI occurs when public authorities act as a launch customer for innovative goods or services. These are typically not yet available on a large-scale commercial basis and may include conformance testing.

Source: ICLEI PPI platform